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Learning Where to Hunt Deer

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Setting-Up to Bowhunt Deer on New Lands

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Editor’s Note: Ernie Calandrelli of Youngstown, New York, has been hunting deer with a bow for almost five decades and is the Public Relations Director for Quaker Boy Calls He’s hunted 37 states. Today Calandrelli travels to hunt deer in Kansas, Georgia, New York, Missouri and Illinois. Most bowhunters choose one to five hunting sites, learn all they can about those areas and the deer that live there and hunt those same places for years. Calandrelli hunts many different states with his bow and thinks you should too. You’ll need to start planning now to get permits and travel reservations, identify the best regions for the opportunity to take big deer and order and study the many maps available, including Google Earth, Huntstand and OnX maps. With your cell phone’s GPS, you can get to the sites where you want to hunt with Huntstand and OnX, even in regions with no cell service. Also ( produces custom topographical maps, revealing where the high and low ground and water sources are. The aerial views can show you how much of the area’s forested, nearby water sources and any development not visible from roads.

I’m often asked, “How do you find the bucks you want to take when you hunt so many states?” Many of the places I hunt are private lands. Usually I’m good friends with the landowners and the other people who hunt on the property. When I arrive on the property I want to hunt, I ask, “Where have you seen some good bucks?” The answers to this question give me a starting point for my hunt. Then I get in the woods and search for deer trails, feeding sites and bedding sites. I’m looking for large deer tracks and rubs on large trees to get some indication of the size of bucks I’ll have to try and take.

I may see numbers of rubs on small trees, and I’ll disregard them, because all bucks will rub smaller trees. However, only the bigger bucks tend to rub larger trees. Finding a rub on a large tree really gets me excited. I also look for large buck tracks and then will know that probably there’s a big-bodied deer on that property. After I’ve decided a big buck’s in the region I’m hunting, I mainly hunt pinch points and/or funnel areas. A funnel area or a pinch point is where two different types of terrain neck-down a large woodlot. If I set-up in a funnel, I know more than likely I’ll see numbers  of deer and often a big buck, especially during the rut when mature bucks are expanding their territories and chasing does.

Deer have travel corridors just like we humans use major highways. There are also barriers in the woods like fallen trees, really-thick cover or water that a deer will walk around rather than going through it. So, if I can pinpoint areas like this, I’ll get started on my hunt. Often, when I go to a new property, and I’ve found a place where sign indicates that a big buck’s traveling there, I’ll often spend a day or two of my hunt getting in a tree stand, well away from that area, and use my  binoculars to see what type of deer activity is happening in the places I’ve discovered. When I’m watching these regions, I want to make sure that the deer that may be moving through these places can’t see or smell me.

I may have selected a stand location that may not be exactly where I think I should be to take a big buck with my bow. I’ll use this tactic, because a really-big buck will avoid the area I’m watching, if he sees or smells me. So, by spending one or two days scouting and watching hot spots with my binoculars, I generally can determine what size bucks are coming to or walking past sections of land I may want to hunt. At the same time that I’m looking for the deer, I’ll make notes on what wind direction I need to hunt that area. If the deer can’t smell me, and I’m looking at the trees there to try and determine a tree where I can hang a tree stand where the bucks can’t see me, then I’m not hunting blind. I’ll know for certain if my scouting is correct. If I spot a big buck going through the place that I’m looking at with my binoculars, I can hunt more confidently. I’ll be more alert, and I’ll know which buck I’m looking for on the day I try and take him.

I also attempt to determine from which direction the buck is most likely to come, based on what I’ve seen by scouting the area. The most-important words here are, “most likely,” because you never really know for certain which way the buck will come in, especially during the rut. If I can, I also try to pick a spot for my tree stand so that the sun is coming up behind me. If a deer looks into the tree that I’m in, the sun may blind him, and I won’t have the wind in my face.

Next, I try to find a tree 20-30 yards from where I hope to take a shot. The bow and arrow, at least in the East and many sections of the Midwest, is primarily a close-range weapon. So, I want that buck to be at a distance where I’m really confident that I can make a good, clean shot. That range may differ with every other hunter. However, it’s a given fact. The closer the bowhunter sets-up to the spot where he expects the buck to appear, without the buck seeing, hearing or smelling him, the hunter’s chances of success are much greater.

To learn more about hunting deer with John E. Phillips’ Amazon Kindle eBooks, print books and Audible books and Nook books, click here at You can type in the name of the book and download it to your Kindle, and/or download a Kindle app for your iPad, SmartPhone or computer. For a free download on how to make jerky from venison to provide a protein-rich snack, choose “How to Prepare Venison Jerky: The Ultimate Snack Food” at

Tomorrow: Learning Where to Hunt Deer

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